Deaf & Hard of Hearing

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"Deafness" means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects the child’s educational performance. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c) (3)

"Hearing Impairment" means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this section. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c) (5)


Outside Resources

Instructional Resources

  • Cornerstones Building Blocks of Literacy – (a division of PBS Read Beween the Lions) offers online, research-based literacy units for teachers of young children who are deaf or hard of hearing and use sign language.
  • OSEP website – designed to provide easy access to information from research to practice initiatives that address the provisions of IDEA and NCLB. This website will include resources, links, and other important information that supports OSEP’s research to practice efforts.

State & National Organizations & Resources

  • Alexander Graham Bell Association – the world's oldest and largest membership organization promoting the use of spoken language by children and adults with hearing loss.
  • Boys Town Center for Hearing Loss in Children – Boys Town National Research Hospital's resource for parents of babies who have just been diagnosed with a hearing loss or for families of any child who is deaf or hard of hearing.
  • Hands and Voices – established by parents of Colorado Home Intervention Program supporting all communication options for children who are deaf or hard of hearing.
  • Listen-Up! – specializing in information for the deaf and hard of hearing, and especially geared to the needs of hearing impaired children and their families.
  • National Cued Speech Association – raises awareness of Cued Speech and its applications, provides educational services, assists local affiliate chapters, establishes standards for Cued Speech and certifies Cued Speech instructors and transliterators.
  • VA Relay – enables people who are deaf, hard of hearing, deafblind, or speech disabled to communicate by TTY or another assistive telephone device with anyone who uses a standard phone.