Individualized Education Program (IEP)

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When students are identified as having an educational disability and require special education services to meet their unique learning needs, they are provided an Individualized Education Program (IEP) which is overseen by local public school divisions. An IEP is comprised of specially designed instruction that involves adapting the content, methodology, or delivery of instruction to address the needs of the student and accommodations, modifications, and other supplementary aids and services to ensure their access to the general curriculum so the child can meet the educational standards that apply to all children in the Commonwealth.

The IEP content addresses:

  • Present level of academic achievement and functional performance (PLAAFP)
  • Measurable annual goals
  • Benchmarks or short-term objectives
  • Related services including supplementary aids
  • Participation with neurotypical children
  • Participation in state and division-wide assessments
  • Duration, frequency, and location of services
  • Monitoring of progress towards annual goals
  • Initial transition
  • Secondary transition

Standards-Based IEP

The process used to develop a Standards-Based IEP is directly tied to the state’s overall content standards. Both the student’s present level of performance and some of the annual IEP goals are aligned with and based on the state’s grade-level standards which creates a program that is aimed at getting the student to a proficient level on the state standards.

The decision to use standards-based IEPs has been supported by the 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that emphasizes access to the general education curriculum for students with disabilities; and the federal assessment regulations issued in 2007 under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) that permits states to implement an alternate assessment based on modified academic achievement standards (AA-MAS).

Virginia IEP

The Virginia IEP System provides functionality as an IEP writer and compliance tool that affords educators the functionalities necessary to facilitate IEP meetings, develop IEP’s, monitor student progress, and gather and submit data for state reporting purposes.


Outside Resources

Federal Agencies

State Agencies