School Finance

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Virginia's public schools are financed through a combination of local, state, and federal funds. The private sector also contributes through partnerships with schools and school divisions.

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the Commonwealth's public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources.

Counties, cities, and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality's share to maintain an educational program meeting the Commonwealth's Standards of Quality.

While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government aids state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.

Information about specific grants and other funding can be found below.

For questions about school finance, please contact the Division of Budget, Finance, and Operations.