Visual Impairment Including Blindness

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Introduction hands reading braile

"Visual impairment including blindness" means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance.  The term includes both partial sight and blindness. (34 CFR §300.8(c) (13)


  • Guidelines for Working with Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired in Virginia Public Schools
    • Word - ADA Compliant Version
    • PDF - Original version

Braille Literacy

Outside Resources

  • Described and Captioned Media Program (DCMP) – provides services designed to support equal educational opportunity and improve the academic achievement of students who are blind, visually impaired, deaf, hard of hearing, or deaf-blind
  • National Consortium on Deafblindness (formerly DeafBlind Link) – works collaboratively with families, federal, state and local agencies to provide technical assistance, information and personnel training. NCDB brings together the resources of three agencies with long histories of expertise in the field of deaf-blindness
  • Part C Screening Tool – video demonstrations of Visual Skills Component from the Virginia Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired
  • Virginia Consortium for Teacher Preparation in Vision Impairment – Information about the Virginia Consortium for Teacher Preparation in Vision Impairment made up of five universities: George Mason, James Madision, Norfolk State, Old Dominion and Radford. Its primary goal is to prepare teachers to be highly skilled at working with students with visual impairment and blindness
  • TTAC Online – A community linking people and resources to help children and youth with disabilities